Merrill, Barclay, and Schaak (2008) discussed the First Principles of Instruction which include five core factors: task-centered approach, activation principle, demonstration principle, application principle, and integration principle. Merrill et al. noted the similarities between the structure of other models and those of the First Principles of Instruction. Overall, the principles noted tend to be followed without teachers being cognitively aware of doing so. However, there are many cases where one or more principles are absent. I was also impressed by how these principles relate to our course's syllabus!
I particularly found Clark and Mayer's (2003) Principles for Multimedia Learning and e-Learning interesting. It was informative to learn that animation with narration was the most effective method of delivering learning through media. When I read this section, I was reminded of the many YouTube tutorials created with Camtasia or Captivate that provide visual aids as well as a narration of what is taking place on the individual's computer screen. I can understand how this demonstration combined with a real-time narration would be the most effective means of teaching. I will definately be referring to these and other principles mentioned in the future!
Merrill M. D., Barclay M., van Schaak, A. (2008). Prescriptive Principles for Instructional Design.